Fertility refers to having the ability to conceive, or being able to have a child. For males, fertility means they are able to father a child through normal sexual activity. A person's fertility depends on their reproductive organs working as they should and other factors, such as when and how often they are having sex, certain hormones, and if their partner has any problems with fertility. When a person cannot have a child, this is called infertility , or being infertile. For males, infertility means they are not able to father a child through normal sexual activity. Doctors usually consider a person infertile when they have not been able to conceive a child after 12 or more months of regular sexual activity.
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Reproduction is the process by which organisms make more organisms like themselves. But even though the reproductive system is essential to keeping a species alive, unlike other body systems, it's not essential to keeping an individual alive. In the human reproductive process, two kinds of sex cells, or gametes GAH-meetz , are involved. The male gamete, or sperm, and the female gamete, the egg or ovum, meet in the female's reproductive system. When sperm fertilizes meets an egg, this fertilized egg is called a zygote ZYE-goat.
The number of women using donated sperm to get pregnant is rising, but many find the cost of treatment at private clinics prohibitive. This has led some women to use unlicensed donors - but are they putting their health at risk? Simon Watson, 41, has been an unlicensed sperm donor for 16 years, donating once a week. I reckon I've got about so far, so within four years I'd like to crack 1,," he tells the Victoria Derbyshire programme. I'd like to get the world record ever, make sure no-one's going to break it, get as many as possible. Very few women are eligible for artificial insemination on the NHS as the criteria are very strict. Men are allowed to father no more than 10 children.
Sperm donation is a procedure in which a man donates semen — the fluid containing sperm that is released during ejaculation — to help an individual or a couple conceive a baby. Donated sperm can be injected into a woman's reproductive organs intrauterine insemination or used to fertilize mature eggs in a lab in vitro fertilization. The use of donated sperm is known as third-party reproduction. A man who makes a sperm donation can be known or anonymous to the recipient. Sperm donations made to a known recipient are called directed donations. Before you can donate sperm, you must be screened for medical conditions and other risk factors. It's also important to understand the possible emotional, psychological and legal issues of sperm donation. Sperm donation is done to help an individual or a couple conceive a baby. You might choose to make a sperm donation to help those who are unable to conceive — such as a woman who doesn't have a male partner or a couple experiencing male infertility. If you donate semen to a sperm bank, you'll likely be paid for each donation that passes the sperm bank's screening process.